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«Petrograd liegt vollständig in den Händen des hiesigen Sowjets», telegrafierte die schweizerische Gesandtschaft am Abend des 7. Novembers 1917 aus der russischen Hauptstadt nach Bern. «Abteilungen der Sowjet-Truppen besetzen die Stadt. Die Hauptverkehrsadern sind verbarrikadiert. Abends 10 Uhr hörte man in der Umgebung des Winterpalastes Gewehr- und Geschützfeuer.»
Avant 40 onns ha el purschì materia per in film da kino russ «emplenì cun clischés sovietics» (dodis.ch/49291). L’onn 1977 s’interessavan era cineasts en Svizra per «il tema anc adina pulit brisant» (dodis.ch/49292): I sa tracta da l’assassinat dal diplomat sovietic Wazlaw Worowski tras Maurice Conradi, in Svizzer en Russia, l’onn 1923 a Lausanne. In mazzament cun consequenzas extendidas.
It was a murderer’s confession: «Perhaps, only posterity will understand and will thank me for being the first to openly fight these evildoers», Maurice Conradi went on record with the Lausanne police. On 10 May 1923, Conradi, a Swiss citizen living in Russia, had shot Soviet diplomat Vatslav Vorovsky in the hotel Cécil, in front of witnesses.
The Federal Council was not stingy with big words: «The threat of World War III and of a renewed test of strength, with all its tragic consequences, is weighing on humankind», the federal government wrote in a statement from 6 November 1956. «But peace still can, and must, be saved», the government appealed to the superpowers (dodis.ch/12315).
In spring 1946, a high-ranking Swiss delegation visited Washington to negotiate the release of frozen Swiss assets in the USA as well as the end of the allied boycott of companies that, during WWII, had traded with the Axis Powers. In turn, the USA, Great Britain, and France demanded that Swiss banks hand over German assets. The Washington Agreement (dodis.ch/1725), finalised 70 years ago, on 25 May 1946, after difficult negotiations, represents a milestone in Swiss foreign policy.
Wenn am 1. Juni 2016 der Gotthard-Basistunnel feierlich eröffnet wird, markiert dies den aktuellen Höhepunkt einer Entwicklung, die über eine reiche Geschichte verfügt. Der Bau einer Eisenbahnlinie durch die Schweizer Alpen war bereits im 19. Jahrhundert ein Grossprojekt von europäischer Dimension. Entsprechend eng war seine Durchführung mit aussenpolitischen Erwägungen verknüpft.
On 18 March 1946, an exchange of diplomatic notes in Belgrade (dodis.ch/48190) broke a silence that had lasted almost thirty years, establishing official relations between Switzerland and the Soviet Union. The normalization of relations with the new eastern superpower was one of the fundamental conditions for the development of Switzerland's international relations in the commencing Cold War.
«If neutral Switzerland did not exist, we [would have] had to invent it», an influential advisor of US President John F. Kennedy said in March 1962 to the Swiss ambassador in Washington, August R. Lindt. This «complete satisfaction» was also due to the Swiss representation of US interests in Cuba, which came to an end in August 2015 due to the renewal of diplomatic relations between Havana and Washington.
«The Conference on Security and Co-Operation in Europe does not end with the ceremonial signing of the final act in Helsinki on August 1st of this year. In fact in many ways it is just beginning» stated a circular of the FDFA in October 1975. Nevertheless, it marks a milestone of European history, reached at that time. For Switzerland, it designated a decisive step in the opening of its foreign policy.
No less than the leaders of the Great Powers gathered in Geneva. On July 18 1955 the summit of the «big four» began: US-President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Soviet Minister President Nikolai A. Bulganin as well as Antony Eden and Edgar Faure, the British and French Prime Ministers, convened in the international city.