50 years ago, on August 30 1965, a glacial slide of the Allalin-glacier near Mattmark in the Valais buried and killed 88 mostly Italian construction workers under 500 000 m3 of ice. While the migration treaty of 1964 had helped to ease relations between Italy and Switzerland, the catastrophe of Mattmark led to their renewed deterioration. Cf. dodis.ch/G9174.
«The Conference on Security and Co-Operation in Europe does not end with the ceremonial signing of the final act in Helsinki on August 1st of this year. In fact in many ways it is just beginning» stated a circular of the FDFA in October 1975. Nevertheless, it marks a milestone of European history, reached exactly 40 years ago. For Switzerland, it designated a decisive step in the opening of its foreign policy.
Die Diplomatischen Dokumente der Schweiz, das Schweizerische Bundesarchiv, das Europainstitut der Universität Basel und die Universität Zürich laden ein zur feierlichen Übergabe des Nachlasses des schweizerischen Generalkonsuls in Yokohama (Japan), Arnold Dumelin (1844–1905), an das Schweizerische Bundesarchiv und zur Aufschaltung einer Auswahl an Dokumenten des Nachlasses auf der Datenbank Dodis.
«If neutral Switzerland did not exist, we had to invent it», an influential advisor of US President John F. Kennedy said in March 1962 to the Swiss ambassador in Washington, August R. Lindt. This «complete satisfaction» was also due to the Swiss representation of US interests in Cuba, which will probably be discontinued in 2015 due to the renewal of diplomatic relations between Havana and Washington.
No less than the leaders of the Great Powers gathered in Geneva. On July 18 1955, 60 years ago, the summit of the «big four» began: US-President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Soviet Minister President Nikolai A. Bulganin as well as Antony Eden and Edgar Faure, the British and French Prime Ministers, convened in the international city.